JARANA AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN RASASHASTRA
}According to vachaspathya:
‘jaraka’ – substance which are to be digested , digestive.
One which causing decay of any substance which can decay.
“jaaryate anena eti “
one which cause decay……
In Sanskrit -English dictionary of Monier Williams –
(a) A process of causing decay
(b) process of digesting
(c) oxidation of minerals
Jarana is an important process of parada (mercury) in which parada is made to consume/ingest & digest various satvas obtained from minerals & some of the metals in different proportions in order to make the parada highly potentiated for both lohavedha & rasayana point of view.
‘Jarana’ is one among the 18 samskaras mentioned for parada(13th samskara).
18 samskaras of PARADA are
1.SWETANA (11) GARBHA DRUTI
2.MARDANA (12) BAAHYA DRUTHI
3.MOORCHANA (13) JARANA
4.UTTHAPANA (14) PARADA RANJANA
5.PAATANA (15) SARANAM
6.ROODHANA (16) SANKRAMANAM
7.NIYAAMANA (17) VEDHAKARMA
8.SANDEEPANA (18)SHAREERA YOGA.
“ SìÓiÉ aÉëÉxÉ mÉËUlÉqÉÉå ÌuÉQû rÉl§ÉÉÌS rÉÉåaÉiÉ:|
eÉÉUhÉåirÉÑcrÉiÉå iÉxrÉÉ: mÉëMüÉUÉ: MüÉåÌOûzÉ:”
(RRS- 8/83) (Rasendra chintamani- 4/102)
Assimilation of various liquefied offerings like lohas, satvas, ratnas etc by parada with the help of vida & yantra is called ‘Jarana’,it can be achieved by several methods.
Grasa – offerings like loha satvas ,mineralsetc.
Druta – liquefied.
Bida - inorder to digest grasa put into the parada , a special kind of preparation called ‘Bida’ is used. It is prepared by ‘ksharas’ ‘lavanas’ ‘amlas’, ‘khanijas’ & ‘Gomutra’. in ‘Parada samhitha’- 14/1-4
} lots of ‘vida yogas are mentioned for various ‘Jarana’.
}Eg :- For ‘Bija jarana’-
“MÇücÉlÉÉÌSaÉëxÉålÉiÉÏuÉëoÉÑoÉÑ¤ÉÉMüUÉÍhÉSìurÉÍhÉÌoÉQûÉÌlÉ MüjrÉiÉå |
aÉlkÉ MüÉÇcÉlÉÉÌSaÉëxÉlÉå MÇü zÉÇZÉcÉÔhhÉïçÇ uÉÉ aÉÉåqÉÔ§Éæ:zÉiÉpÉÉÌuÉiÉqÉç ÌoÉQûÉå ArÉÇ eÉÉUhÉå ´Éå¸Éå oÉÏeÉÉlÉÉÇ SìÉuÉhÉå ÌWûiÉ: ||”
( Parada samhitha 14/1)
“¤ÉÉUæUqsÉæ¶Éç aÉlkÉÉkrÉæqÉÔï§Éæ¶Éç mÉOÒûÍpÉx¨ÉjÉÉ|
UxÉaÉëÉxÉxrÉeÉÏhhÉÉïjÉïçÇ iÉÌ¯QèûÇ mÉËUMüÐÌ¨ÉïiÉqÉç||”
Prepared out of yava kshara ,jambeeraswarasa gandhaka & gomutra.
eÉÉUhÉ ÌWû lÉÉqÉ mÉÉiÉlÉ aÉÉsÉlÉ urÉÌiÉUåMåühÉ aÉëÉxÉ bÉlÉ WåûqÉÉÌS aÉëÉxÉmÉÔuÉïMü mÉÔuÉÉïuÉxjÉÉ mÉëÌiÉmÉ³ÉiuÉqÉç |
(rasendra choodaamani )
(Ayurveda prakasa )
The process by which ‘Parada assimilates various metals as well as minerals without the procedures such as ,Galana, Patana etc & the ‘Parada’ remains as such without any change ie, no gain of weight as well as no loss of Wt.
xÉÔiÉå aÉlkÉÉÌS ÌlÉ¤ÉåmÉÉ¨ÉiÉÌ²ÍkÉ ÌuÉzÉåwÉiÉ:|
aÉlkÉÉkrÉÇ eÉÉrÉïiÉå rÉ¨ÉÑ eÉÉUhÉÇ iÉÌSWûÉåcrÉiÉå||
(Rasatharangini – 5/100)
It is the process of putting gandhakadi dhathus into the parada & there by subjecting them for degeneration with the help of various yantras such as valuka yantra , kacchapa yantra .
}Jarana is a process of dissolving various ‘bijas’ in parada, there by make the parada capable of ingest or digest various ‘Bijas’ as well as for adding various pharmacological properties.
“SìÓiÉ aÉëÉxÉ¤ÉrÉåhÉåuÉ eÉÉUhÉqÉç”
BEEJAM - zÉÑ® xuÉhhÉïçÇ cÉ UÉæmrÉÇ cÉ oÉÏeÉÍqÉirÉÍpÉkÉÏrÉiÉå ||
( RRS – 8/73)
Importance of ‘Jarana’
}To potentiate parada for rasayana & lohavada.
}The parada treated with jarana process should returns to its original form & appearance without being subjected to any patana & galana.
}After completion of jarana process, the parada should not gain weight then only it has to be considered as the process is completed.
}It has to be clarified that in jarana process parada does not essentially acquires disease curing property rather it is done to prepare parada suitable for further samskaras meant for lohavada (transformation process).
‘Jarana Bheda’- Types
}Bheda-1 (a) Bhuchari jarana
(b) Khechari jarana.
} Bheda- 2 (a) Bala jarana.
(b) Vridha jarana.
} Bheda- 3(a) Samugha jarana.
(b) Nirmugha jarana.
(c) Vasanamugha jarana.
}Bhuchari – jarana of metals & minerals.
}Khechari – jarana of ratna.
ÌlÉqÉÑïZÉ eÉÉUhÉqÉç - ÌlÉqÉÑïZÉ eÉÉUhÉÇ mÉëÉå£üÉ oÉÏeÉÉSlÉålÉ pÉÉaÉiÉ:
}Without making mouth bijas of specific quantity fed by parada
“aÉlkÉMÇü eÉÉUrÉåixÉÔiÉå SÉåsÉÉZrÉå mÉÔuÉïpÉÉÌwÉiÉå ||
rÉl§Éå cÉ wÉÉåQûzÉ aÉÑhÉÇ UxÉ: xrÉÉ²ÉxÉlÉÉqÉÑZÉ: ||”
First put gandhaka for jarana in parada after that 16 times swarasa of divyaoushadhis are taken in dola yantra as drava dravya and subject the parada for swedana…the process is called vasanamukha.
“uÉeÉëÏ UqpÉÉ WûqxÉmÉÉSÏ ÍcÉgcÉMüÉ urÉbÉëmÉÉÌSMüÉ |
qÉhQÕûMüÐ oÉÚWûiÉÏ mÉÑ„¡ûÉ MÑüqÉÉUÏ sÉÉÇaÉsÉÏ iÉjÉÉ ||
xÉmÉÉï¤ÉÏ cÉÉÎalÉkÉqÉlÉÏ zÉ„¡ûmÉÑwmÉÏlSìuÉÉÂhÉÏ |
wÉhQèeÉÉUÏ cÉ MüMüÉåïOûÏ ÌuÉZrÉÉiÉÉ ÌSurÉqÉÔÍsÉMüÉ ||”
(Ananda kanda - 4/155-156)
}Rakshasa vaktran :-
“ÌSurÉÉæwÉÍkÉ xÉqÉrÉÉåaÉÉÎixjÉiÉ: mÉëMüOû MüÉåÌ¹wÉÑ |
pÉÑgeÉÏiÉÉÎZÉsÉ sÉÉåWûÉkrÉÇ rÉÉå AxÉÉæ UÉ¤ÉxÉuÉY§ÉÉlÉç||”
parada which treated with divyaoushadhi by keeping it in a musha & which was able to consume all types of metals and minerals is called rakshasa vaktran
Steps of ‘ Jarana’(RRS-8/69)
“aÉëÉxÉxrÉ cÉÉUhÉÇ aÉpÉåï SìÉuÉhÉÇ eÉÉUhÉÇ iÉjÉÉ| CÌiÉ Ì§ÉÃmÉÉ ÌlÉÌSï¹É eÉÉUhÉÉ uÉUuÉÉÌiÉïMæü:||
} Step 1-’Grasasya charanam’-putting beejas into
parada - ‘Grasa’.
}Step 2- ‘Garbha dravana’ – liquification of beejas in
parada – ‘Pinda’.
}Step 3 –’jarana’ – ingestion of beejas by parada
cÉÉUhÉÇ - “UxÉxrÉ eÉPûUå aÉëÉxÉ ¤ÉåmÉhÉÇ cÉÉUhÉÉqÉiÉ:|”
aÉpÉïSìÓÌiÉ - “aÉëÉxÉxrÉ SìÉuÉhÉÇ aÉpÉåïaÉpÉïSìÓÌiÉÂSÉ¾èSÉ |”
oÉÉ½SìÓÌiÉ – “oÉÌWûUåuÉ SìÓÌiÉÌ¢üirÉ bÉxÉlÉiuÉÌSMÇü ZÉsÉÑ |
eÉÉUhÉÉrÉ UxÉålSìxrÉ xÉ oÉÉ½SìÓÌiÉÂcrÉiÉå |
(RRS 8/ 77-79)
‘Jarana phalam-( ayur:pra-1/108)
}Rasa jarana capable of sarva papakshaya (origins by birth as well as other way).
}If a person gets a chance for rasa jarana surely he will get a good knowledge about all procedures related to rasa.
}By performing rasa jarana & worshiping rasa the Physician may acquires ‘moksha’.
}Performing jarana is like worshipping ‘Shivalinga’
}Doing ‘mardana’ over parada is like smearing the paste of chandana over fore head.
}Putting swarnadi beejas into parada is like
performing pooja or worshipping the parada.
How many days we put parada in agni for jarana that much thousand years that person may get ‘shiva sayujya’ and get a good life with all luxuries.
}Even if we put parada over agni for a single day he may get rid of papas of ‘aneeka jenma’ as well as in this life.
xÉuÉï mÉmÉ¤ÉrÉå eÉÉiÉå mÉëÉmrÉiÉå UxÉeÉÉUhÉÉ |
iÉimÉëÉmiÉÉæ mÉëÉmiÉqÉåuÉ xrÉÉÌ²¥ÉÉlÉÇ qÉÑÌ£ü sÉ¤ÉhÉqÉç |
qÉÉå¤ÉÍpÉurÉgeÉMÇü SåuÉÏ eÉÉUhÉ xÉÉkÉMüxrÉ iÉÑ||
ZÉsuÉxiÉÑ ÌmÉhQûMüÉ SåÌuÉ UxÉålSìÉå ÍsÉ…¡ûqÉÑcrÉiÉå |
qÉSïlÉÇ cÉlSlÉÇcÉæuÉ aÉëxÉÉ: mÉÔeÉÉÍpÉkÉÏrÉiÉå||
rÉÉuÉÌSlÉÉÌlÉ SåuÉåÍzÉ uÉÌ»ûxjÉå kÉÉrÉïiÉå UxÉ: |
iÉuÉSzÉxÉWûxÉëÉÍhÉ ÍzÉuÉsÉÉåMåü qÉWûÏrÉiÉå |
ÌSlÉqÉåMÇü UåxÉålSìxrÉ rÉÉå SSÉÌ¨É WÒûiÉÉzÉlÉÇ |
SìuÉÎliÉ iÉxrÉ mÉmÉÉÌlÉ MÑüuÉï³ÉÌmÉ lÉ ÍsÉmrÉiÉå |
} ‘Jarana krama’(Rasen:Chinta-5/70)
(importance of Gandhaka jarana)
aÉlkÉMÇü eÉÉUrÉåimÉÔuÉïÇ rÉl§Éå MüŠmÉ xÉçÇ¥Måü
mÉ¶ÉÉ²æ eÉÉUrÉåSèurÉÉåqÉ WåûqÉmÉëpÉëÚiÉÏrÉÉ°uÉåiÉç
mÉ¶ÉÉ³ÉÉaÉÉSÉrÉ xÉuÉåï eÉÉrÉïliÉå U¦ÉxÉƒ¡ûUÉ |
¢üqÉÉåArÉÇ ÌuÉkrÉiÉå xÉuÉï eÉÉUhÉÉxÉÑ lÉ xÉqzÉrÉqÉç |
ÌuÉlÉÉ aÉlkÉålÉ rÉå qÉirÉÉï: MÑüuÉïÎliÉ kÉÉiÉÑ eÉÉUhÉ||
lÉ ¤ÉÑkÉÉ eÉÉrÉiÉå xÉÔiÉå eÉÉUrÉÎliÉ lÉç kÉÉiÉuÉ |
iÉxqÉÉiÉç aÉlkÉÇ mÉÑUÉ eÉÉrÉï: xÉÔiÉç uÉÌ»û ÌuÉuÉkÉïrÉå |
} }Gandhaka should subjected to JAARANA first then otters such as HEMA, RAJATA, then the other rasoushadis , then the RATNAs Respectively.
}Without gandhaka we cannot do the JAARANA .
}Without GANDHAKA the PARADA cannot get ‘KSHUTA’ for JAARANA of DHATUS.
}Due to the GANDHAKA JAARANA the PARADA’S AGNI get increased.
According to some acharya’s
}In Anandakanda as well as parada samhitha there is reference that is
}aÉaÉlÉÇ eÉÉUrÉåimÉÔuÉïÇ xÉuÉïxÉiuÉÉlrÉiÉÉ: mÉUqÉç ||
( Anadakanda 4/172 )
aÉaÉlÉÇ eÉÉUrÉåiSÉSÉæ xÉuÉï xÉiuÉqÉiÉ: mÉUqÉç........
Why Abhraka as well as gandhaka added first for jarana ?
}Parada is considered as shiva theja and abhraka as well as gandhaka is considered as gauri thejas.
}Due to samana swabhavthwat they can interact easily and able to built a strong bond between them.
}Chemically mercury (Hg) being a large element,it contains lots of spaces between the orbits as well as electrons. So being a small element the sulphur can easily get into the vacant space and can form a strong bond between them.
“SåurÉÉUeÉÉæ pÉuÉåªlkÉ; kÉÉiÉÑ: zÉÑ¢Çü iÉjÉÉ ApÉëMüqÉç | AÉÍsÉ…¡ûlÉå xÉqÉijÉÉåï Ì²ÌmÉërÉiuÉÉcduÉUåiÉxÉ: ||
ÍzÉuÉzÉÌ£ü xÉqÉÉrÉÉåaÉÉiÉç mÉëÉmrÉiÉå mÉUqÉç mÉSqÉç |
rÉjÉÉ xrÉÉ‹ÉUhÉÉ uÉÌ»Çû iÉjÉÉ xrÉÉªÒhÉSÉå UxÉ: ||”
(Ayu; pra – 1/125-126)
} ‘Gandhaka’ should be given as ‘grasa’ first during ‘Jarana’.
The first jarana should be that of gandhaka with ‘kacchapa yantra’ ,after that ‘Abhraka’,’Swarna makshika satva’,dravyas like hema etc,after that naga,’Vanga’ & ‘ratna’.should under go jarana respectively. This is the order in which jarana should be done.
}Important process in which ‘gandhaka’ is added into ‘parada’in different proportion or in equal proportion & allowed to burn in it with fire.
}The above shloka (jaranakrama) also highlights that due to ‘Gandhaka jarana’ the ‘parada’ acquires many pharmacological & therapeutically properties according to the proportion of gandhaka which was used for jarana.
}In ‘Ayur: prakasa:-
}‘Tulya guna gandhaka jaritha’ – 100 yimes powerful than simply purified parada.
}‘Dwiguna jaritha parada’ – ‘sarva kushtaharam’
}‘Thriguna jaritha parada’ - ‘Jadya vinashana’.
}‘Chatur guna gandhaka jaritha parada’ – ‘vali palitha nasaka’.
} }‘Pancha guna gandhaka jaritha parada’ – ‘kshaya kshayakaram’.
}‘Shadguna gandhakajaritha parada’ – ‘sarvaroga haram’.
}So ‘Shad guna bali jaritha parada is considered as superior one.
“LuÉÇ mÉÑlÉ: mÉÑlÉ: aÉlkÉ wÉQèeÉÑhÉÇ eÉÉUrÉåSìÓiÉ: |
aÉlkÉåeÉÏhÉåï pÉuÉåixÉÔiÉç xiÉÏ¤hÉÉÎalÉ: xÉuÉï MüÉrÉï MÚüiÉç ||”
(ayur: pra – 1/208)
Apparatus for ‘Gandhaka Jarana’
}Most popularly used yantras are –
}Kacchapa yantra , kupi yantra, garbha yantra, musha yantra,bhudhara yantra,valuka yantra, Tula yanthra,Ishtika yantra etc.
Points to remember- ‘Gandhaka Jarana’.
}How the potency of parada increases during ‘Gandhaka Jarana’ ?
}How to add Gandhaka ?
}Heating time & temperature?
}Quantity of Gandhaka to be made Jaritha?
How their potency increases during ‘Gandhaka Jarana’ ?
}In ayur:prakasa 1/125-126 –
}Parada ,Gandhaka & Abhraka possess almost the same properties, hence they mixed each other they are likely to react greatly & on heating they may burn & leave their properties.
}This is more true in the case of ‘Gandhaka’.
}Hence according to the Gandhaka ‘s proportion more properties are in cooperated in parada.
How to add ‘Gandhaka’?
}Generally six times (shad guna) gandhaka is added & burnt with parada for its potentiation.
}It should be added in a phased manner.
}First add equal quantity(sama guna) of gandhaka & allow it to burn, when its jarana completed add some more amount & allow it to burn. In this way any amount of gandhaka can be added & allowed to burn.
Heating time & Temperature.
In ayur: prakasha – 1 /190
}The temperature of the apparatus should neither be very high nor be very low manner.
}Adjust it to ‘madhyamagni’(moderate fire) that is 350℃ - 400℃.
}Some scholars adviced to do Gandhaka jarana in kachakupiwrapped several times with rag & mud in order to maintain continuous heat, in this method heat should be given in ‘Mridhu’, ‘Madhya’ & ‘Tibraagni’manner. The time should be followed as 4Hrs for each agni.
Quantity of Gandhaka to be made ‘Jaritha’.
}Already mentioned that according to the quantity of gandhaka added and burnt the potency of the parada increases.
}If 6 times gandhaka is added the parada may develop the disease curing properties.
}If 100 times gandhaka is added the parada may develop ‘Vedha’(transformation power) & become useful for ‘lohavedha’.
}In Rasaretnakara it has been mentioned that ‘shad guna bali jaritha parada’ acquires the power of ‘shata guna bali jaritha parada’
Conclusion}The process of Jarana is important in all aspect of rasa sasthra that is loha vadha & deha vadha.
}Being 13th samskara Jarana is capable of adding more pharmaceutical as well as chemical properties to the parada.
}Jarana is the basic process behind the whole samskaras comes after sandeepana samskara, that is from 9th-18th samskara.
} }In treatment point of view ‘gandhaka jarana’play a major role in eradicating almost all disease as well asit make the parada capable to digest almost all metals for the transformation of lower metal to the higher metal.